Significance of Haritalyangar-Ghumarwin Siwaliks:


Besides fossils, I discovered prehistoric stone implements from the banks of many streamlets at Haritalyangar, Dangar, Lehri Sarail, Bhapral, Kasohal (Sankhyan, 1979, 1983). Near Ghumarwin, I discovered several stone implements in the east of New Court Building, and from several streamlets of Sir Khad, and along the Sukkar and Sirhali Khad. At their confluence near Balghad/Kallar the artefacts shed new light on different waves of early prehistoric humanity entering into the Siwalik region.

My evidence says that a Rock-Cave Shelter in the east of New Courts Ghumarwin was inhabited by early Stone Age Man. The serpentine road cuttings amidst the panoramic extensive strip of thin forest land full of wild fauna here expose the Siwalik clays and sandstone layers which are potential sources of fossils and adjacent forest strip on to the Rock-Cave Shelter is an ideal site for a Fossil Park and Museum
. This would also protect the wild life and keep the bounty of nature in tact, and the location is very close to the up coming Chandigarh-Manali four-lane road at Bagher to provide easy access to international tourists and scholarship.

The local administration may be unaware of the heritage value of the site and the Rock-Cave shelter site as its cool remoteness is exploited by some for enjoying drinks and dumping empty bottles, waste material here and there including dead animals. The local administration must preserve this beautiful landscape.

The sub-Himalayan terrain closer to Haritalyangar and Ghumarwin was thus the centre stage in human evolution as it was extensively inhabited by the early Apes, ‘Ape-men’, and numerous fauna including the tree shrews and lorises found in Sri Lanka and Madagascar, and ancestors of giraffes, zebras, hippos found in Africa, besides that the prehistoric man found shelters here. The Siwalik sedimentary opens up the natural history of mankind and animals like the pages of a book and unravel many secrets of their extinctions, expansions and climatic changes bearing on future evolutionary trends.

Himachal Pradesh is no longer only the ‘Dev Bhumi’ but the “aadim bhumi” too, the land of our ancestors of different times. But, due to lack of awareness and scientific educational institutions to explore, protect and display the findings, its precious ancient bio-cultural heritage has since gone out of the country and adorns the natural history museums and research institutes in other countries. To save the rare ancient heritage of mankind and wealth of the Siwalik Hills I, therefore, conceived formation of a ‘Palaeo Research Society’ to set up a ‘Palaeo Research Centre,’ a ‘Palaeo Museum’ at Ghumarwin to explore and house the Siwalik fossils and prehistoric cultures, and above all to develop a ‘Fossil Science Park’ to portray “the World of Human Ancestors”, which is indispensable for the area. It will be a unique scientific instrument of mass awareness, heritage protection, education and research, a rare attraction to national and international tourism and scholarship.
In addition, through this novel cause we can pay a true homage to our ancestors as we do to our historical deities every year assembling in Kullu Dussehra.
Dr. Anek R. Sankhyan